How to Start a Career in Government With a Law Degree (2023)


Obtaining a law degree opens the door to a diverse range of career opportunities, and one particularly rewarding path is a career in government. Working in government allows legal professionals to serve the public, contribute to policy-making, and make a lasting impact on society. If you’re interested in leveraging your law degree to embark on a fulfilling career in government, this blog post will guide you through the essential steps to get started in 2023.

1. Understand the Different Government Roles:
Government employment encompasses various roles and sectors. Before pursuing a career in government, it is crucial to explore the different options available. Some common government roles for law graduates include:

a. Legislative Counsel: These attorneys help draft and review legislation, ensuring its legality and compliance with existing laws.

b. Public Defender/Prosecutor: Working in criminal law, these lawyers represent the state or defendants in court, ensuring justice is served.

c. Administrative Law Judge: These judges preside over administrative hearings and adjudicate disputes involving government agencies.

d. Government Agency Attorney: Attorneys employed by government agencies provide legal advice, draft regulations, and handle litigation on behalf of their respective agencies.

2. Gain Practical Experience:
While a law degree provides a strong foundation, practical experience is invaluable when pursuing a government career. Seek internships, externships, or clerkships in government agencies, law firms specializing in government law, or public interest organizations. These opportunities will help you understand how government functions, provide networking opportunities, and develop essential skills.

3. Build a Strong Network:
Networking is crucial in any career, and government work is no exception. Attend legal conferences, seminars, and events where you can connect with professionals working in government. Join local and national legal associations and organizations, and engage in discussions on legal forums and social media platforms. Building relationships with established professionals can lead to mentorship opportunities, job referrals, and valuable insights into government career paths.

4. Tailor Your Resume and Cover Letter:
When applying for government positions, customize your resume and cover letter to highlight relevant skills and experiences. Emphasize your legal education, any related coursework or internships, and specific legal skills such as legal research, writing, and oral advocacy. Additionally, emphasize any public service or community involvement, as government employers often seek candidates with a commitment to public interest.

5. Prepare for Government Examinations:
Depending on the jurisdiction, some government positions may require you to pass a specific examination, such as the bar exam or civil service exams. Research the requirements for the positions you are interested in and prepare accordingly. Develop a study plan and allocate sufficient time to review relevant materials. Utilize resources such as study guides, practice exams, and review courses to maximize your chances of success.

6. Seek Government Job Opportunities:
When searching for government job opportunities, utilize online resources like government job boards, legal job websites, and professional networking platforms. Visit the websites of government agencies you are interested in working for, as they often list job openings and provide application instructions. Additionally, consider reaching out to alumni networks, professors, and connections within the government sector for potential job leads.

7. Be Persistent and Flexible:
Landing a government position may take time and perseverance. Government hiring processes can be lengthy, and competition for positions may be fierce. Be patient and open to starting with entry-level roles or seeking opportunities at lower levels of government to gain valuable experience and work your way up. Consider positions in local, state, or federal government, as they offer different benefits and career advancement opportunities.


Starting a career in government with a law degree can be a rewarding and fulfilling path for legal professionals. By understanding the different roles available, gaining practical experience, building a strong network, tailoring your application materials, preparing for government examinations, and actively seeking job opportunities, you can position yourself for success. Remember to be persistent, flexible, and motivated in pursuing your government career goals. With dedication and hard work, you can make a significant impact and contribute to shaping our society through your legal expertise.

8. Continuously Update Your Legal Knowledge:
Government work is dynamic, with laws and regulations constantly evolving. Stay updated on current legal issues, policy changes, and emerging trends in your area of interest. Subscribe to legal publications, follow reputable legal blogs, and join professional associations to stay informed. Continuing legal education (CLE) courses and seminars can also enhance your knowledge and demonstrate your commitment to professional growth.

9. Develop Transferable Skills:
While legal expertise is vital in government work, developing transferable skills will make you a well-rounded candidate. Communication, research, analytical thinking, problem-solving, and leadership skills are highly valued in government positions. Look for opportunities to enhance these skills through moot court competitions, public speaking engagements, team projects, or volunteering in community organizations. Developing a diverse skill set will make you more versatile and adaptable in various government roles.

10. Embrace Public Service Opportunities:
Government work is fundamentally rooted in public service. Look for opportunities to engage in pro bono work, volunteer for community initiatives, or participate in public interest organizations. These experiences not only contribute to the betterment of society but also demonstrate your dedication to public serviceā€”a quality that government employers often value. Public service can also provide networking opportunities and expose you to potential mentors within the government sector.

11. Consider Specializing in Government Law:
If you have a strong interest in pursuing a government career, consider specializing in government law during your law school years. Many law schools offer specialized courses, clinics, or concentrations in areas such as constitutional law, administrative law, or public policy. These programs can provide in-depth knowledge and practical skills specific to government work, making you a more competitive candidate in the job market.

12. Seek Mentors and Guidance:
Navigating a career in government can be complex, but having mentors and seeking guidance from experienced professionals can significantly help. Reach out to government attorneys, professors, alumni, or professionals in your network who have experience in government work. Their insights, advice, and mentorship can provide invaluable guidance throughout your career journey.

13. Stay Ethical and Maintain Professionalism:
Working in government requires upholding high ethical standards and maintaining professionalism. Adhere to legal and ethical obligations, maintain confidentiality, and conduct yourself with integrity. Building a reputation for ethical conduct will not only earn the trust of colleagues and superiors but also enhance your credibility and open doors to further opportunities within the government sector.

14. Continuously Evolve and Adapt:
As your government career progresses, embrace opportunities for growth, professional development, and advancement. Seek out challenging assignments, take on leadership roles, and pursue additional education or advanced degrees if relevant. Stay adaptable and open to new possibilities within government, as your interests and goals may evolve over time. By continuously evolving and adapting, you can position yourself for long-term success in a government career.

Starting a career in government with a law degree requires a combination of legal expertise, practical experience, networking, and a commitment to public service. By following these steps and maintaining a proactive and determined approach, you can lay a solid foundation for a fulfilling and impactful government career in 2023. Remember to stay informed, seek opportunities for growth, and embrace the challenges and rewards that come with serving the public through your legal skills and knowledge.